Roller in-line hockey, commonly shortened to inline hockey, is a team sport played on an appropriate smooth surface, in which skaters use sticks to shoot a hard plastic inline hockey puck into their opponent’s net to score points. In some countries, such as the United States, it is sometimes known as “roller hockey”.
A team usually consists of three lines of two forwards, three pairs of defensemen, and two goalies. Four members of each team skate up and down the floor trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team. Each team has a goaltender who tries to stop the puck from going into the goal.
As its name suggests, inline skates are used in inline hockey. Body checking is forbidden, but it is a contact sport. In contrast, rink hockey is played on quad skates and contact is forbidden.
56 of 57 medals at the FIRS Senior Men Inline Hockey World Championships have been taken by seven nations: Austria, Canada, the Czech Republic, France, Italy, Switzerland and the United States. Of the 15 gold medals awarded in the senior men’s competition at the World Championships from 1995, only five did not go to the United States. 33 of the 36 FIRS Senior Women Inline Hockey World Championships medals have gone to one of these seven countries, and every gold medal has been won by the Czech Republic,Canada or the United States.